Zimbabwe’s government said on Monday it would start compensating white commercial farmers whose properties were seized nearly 20 years ago under Robert Mugabe’s land reforms.
In a statement, the finance and agriculture ministries said they had budgeted 53 million Zimbabwean dollars ($18 million) in payments to “former farm owners affected by the land reform programme and who are in financial distress.”
Mugabe’s controversial land reforms
Two decades ago Mugabe’s government carried out at times violent evictions of 4,500 white farmers and redistributed the land to around 300,000 black families, arguing it was redressing imbalances from the colonial era.
Colonialists seized some of the best agricultural land and much of it remained in the hands of white farmers after independence in 1980, while many blacks were landless.
Critics blame the evictions for a collapse in agricultural production that forced Africa’s one-time bread basket to become dependent on imported food to feed its population.
Economic output fell by half following the land seizures which started in 2000 and the country’s economy has struggled since then.
Mnangagwa’s compensation plan
The compensation will only be paid for improvements the former farm owners made to the land. It will not be paid for loss of the land itself.
The organisation representing the farmers welcomed the government’s move.
“This is a huge step by government in acknowledging that compensation is owed by them, that the delay has caused hardship and that they are now in a hurry to deal with this not only with this interim payment but also to agree on a global figure for improvements,” the Commercial Farmers Union said in a statement.
It added that since “this is a limited fund, it is hoped that those who are not in financial distress do not take up the offer so as to maximise the effect on those not so fortunate”.
The government’s decision came after it carried out a valuation exercise of farm improvements.
The survey is expected to be completed by end of this month.
“The registration process and the list of farmers should be completed by the end of April after which interim advance payments will be paid directly to the former farm owners,” the statement said.
“The completion of the work … will enable the government and the former farm owners to progress towards closure of the land issue.”
A former close ally of Mugabe, President Emmerson Mnangagwa has vowed to revive the country’s economy by lifting agricultural production and attracting foreign investment.
Mnangagwa’s government sees the paying of compensation to white farmers as key to mend ties with the West.